2010: 261,310, #70 in U.S., #2 in New York

1950: 580,132, #15 in U.S.

2010 Metropolitan Area: 1,135,509, #47 in U.S.

1950 Metropolitan Area: 1,089,230, #14 in U.S.

Buffalo was one of the 10 largest cities in the U.S. in the 1900 and 1910 census.


Buffalo, located on Lake Erie, was first settled in 1789. Since 1825, it has been the western terminus of the Erie Canal. Today, there are harbor cruises on the lake and the Niagara River. LaSalle Park and the Buffalo Naval and Military Park are along the waterfront.


Tallest building: Seneca One Tower, 529 feet (1974)

List of tallest buildings

City Hall (378 feet, 1931) has an observation deck on the 28th floor.


Buffalo has no downtown department stores. Ten blocks of Main Street were closed to traffic in 1986 for a pedestrian mall, but several blocks have been reopened to traffic. Main Place Mall (1968) is an enclosed shopping mall that today is composed mainly of offices.


Amtrak's Empire Service goes from Buffalo to Albany and New York City. The Lake Shore Limited goes east to Albany and Boston, and west to Cleveland and Chicago. The Maple Leaf goes to Toronto. All trains stop at the small Amtrak station (1979) in the town of Depew, east of Buffalo. All trains except the train to Chicago also stop at the small Exchange Street Station (1952) downtown.

Buffalo’s historic Central Terminal (1929), east of downtown, has been abandoned for many years.

Buffalo Metro Rail (1985) is a light-rail system, covering six miles from downtown to the South Campus of the University of Buffalo in the northeast part of the city. The system is partly underground and partly aboveground.





Downtown Buffalo and Lake Erie Waterfront


The Lower Lakes Marine Historical Society Museum is downtown. The Albright-Knox Art Gallery, the Buffalo History Museum, and the Buffalo Museum of Science are north of downtown.


The AMC Market Arcade 8 opened in 2018, four years after closing, when it was under different ownership. Shea’s Performing Arts Center (formerly Shea’s Buffalo, 1926) is a restored movie palace that now has concerts and touring Broadway shows.

The Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra plays at the Kleinhans Music Hall (1940), just north of downtown. The Irish Classical Theatre Company and the Alleyway Theatre are also downtown.


The Buffalo Bisons, Triple-A International League affiliate of the Toronto Blue Jays, play at Sahlen Field (1988). The NHL Buffalo Sabres play at KeyBank Center (1996). The NFL Buffalo Bills play at New Era Field (1973), located in the suburb of Orchard Park, south of Buffalo.

Map of Downtown Buffalo


Buffalo Architecture