2010: 396,815, #45 in U.S., #2 in Ohio

1950: 914,808, #7 in U.S.

2010 Metropolitan Area: 2,077,240, #28 in U.S.

1950 Metropolitan Area: 1,465,511, #10 in U.S.


Cleveland was founded in 1796 where the Cuyahoga River enters Lake Erie. Today, there are boat tours of the lakefront and river, and the Port of Cleveland is a major Great Lakes port. Cleveland State University is just east of downtown.


Tallest building: Key Tower, 947 feet (1991)

List of tallest buildings

The historic Terminal Tower (708 feet, 1930) has an observation deck on the 42nd floor. Terminal Tower was the tallest building in North America, outside of New York City, from 1930 to 1964.

The Arcade (1890, renovated 2001), has been called America's first indoor shopping mall. It has shops, restaurants, and a hotel. The Warehouse District, on the west side of downtown, has shops, restaurants, and entertainment.


Cleveland has no downtown department stores. Dillards (formerly Higbee’s) was the last one to close, in 2002.


Amtrak's Lake Shore Limited goes west to Chicago and east to New York City and Boston, and the Capitol Limited  goes west to Chicago and east to Pittsburgh and Washington, D.C. The trains, which reach Cleveland late at night, use the Lakefront Station (1976).

Cleveland Union Terminal (1928) is now known as Tower City Center; the former station area is a shopping mall and food court. The Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Association (RTA) has three lines serving Tower City station: the 19-mile Red Line route (1955) to the airport and  southwestern suburbs; and 18 miles of light rail on the Blue and Green lines (1913) to the eastern suburb of Shaker Heights. The light rail was extended to the waterfront area in 1996.

Downtown Cleveland and Cuyahoga River
(Photo by John Baden)


The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum and the Great Lakes Science Center are on the downtown waterfront.


The Tower City Cinemas have 11 screens. Playhouse Square, which calls itself the second largest theater complex in the country (after New York City), includes five adjacent, restored theaters on Euclid Avenue: the Allen (1921), the Ohio (1921), the State (1921), the Palace (1922), and the Hanna (1921). They present a variety of entertainment, including touring Broadway shows, Cleveland Opera Theater, and the Cleveland Opera.

The Cleveland Orchestra plays at Severance Hall (1931) in the University Circle area, east of downtown.


The Cleveland Indians of the American League play at Progressive Field (1994). The NFL Cleveland Browns play at FirstEnergy Stadium (1999), on the waterfront. The NBA Cleveland Cavaliers and American Hockey League Cleveland Monsters play at Rocket Mortgage FieldHouse (1994).

Map of Downtown Cleveland

Downtown Cleveland Alliance

Convention and Visitors Bureau

Cleveland Skyscrapers