2010: 821,784, #11 in U.S., #1 in Florida

1950: 204,517, #49 in U.S.

2010 Metropolitan Area: 1,345,596, #40 in U.S.

1950 Metropolitan Area: 304,029, #61 in U.S.

Jacksonville is the largest city (in square miles) in the lower 48 states. Its population grew enormously in 1968 when the city limits were expanded to include almost all of Duval County – from 201,030 in 1960 to 528,865 in 1970.


Jacksonville was founded in 1791 on the north-flowing St. Johns River, about 20 miles from the Atlantic Ocean. It is an important port city, and now has a Riverwalk on both sides of the river. Florida State College at Jacksonville has a downtown campus.


Tallest building: Bank of America Tower (1990), 617 feet

List of tallest buildings


Jacksonville has no downtown department stores. Jacksonville Landing was a retail and entertainment center on the waterfront that opened in 1987 and closed in 2019.


Amtrak has two trains daily (the Silver Star and Silver Meteor) in each direction, south to Miami and north to New York City. The small Amtrak station (1974) is located several miles northwest of downtown. The old downtown Union Station (1919) is now used as part of the Convention Center.

The JTA Skyway people mover (1989) travels a 2.5-mile route downtown on elevated tracks, serving both sides of the river.




Jacksonville and St. Johns River


The Museum of Contemporary Art Jacksonville, Cummer Museum of Art and Gardens, and Museum of Science and History are located downtown.


Downtown Jacksonville has no first-run movie theaters. The Florida Theater (1927) is a restored movie palace that has a variety of concerts and other events.

The Jacksonville Symphony Orchestra plays at the Jacoby Symphony Hall at the Times Union Center for the Performing Arts. Broadway in Jacksonville presents touring musicals at the Moran Theater of the Times Union Center.


The Jacksonville Jumbo Shrimp, Double-A Southern League affiliate of the Miami Marlins, play at the Baseball Grounds of Jacksonville (2003), located near the river. The NFL Jacksonville Jaguars play at Jacksonville Municipal Stadium (1995), just east of downtown. The Jacksonville Sharks of the Arena Football League play at the Veterans Memorial Arena (2003).

Map of Downtown Jacksonville

Downtown Vision