Los Angeles


2010: 3,792,621, #2 in U.S., #1 in California

1950: 1,970,358, #4 in U.S.

2010 Metropolitan area: 12,828,837, #2 in U.S.

1950 Metropolitan Area: 4,367,911, #3 in U.S.


Los Angeles was founded on a coastal plain in Southern California in 1781, when California was owned by Spain.


Tallest building: Wilshire Grand Center (2017), 1,100 feet, tallest building on the West Coast. 

List of tallest buildings

City Hall, 454 feet tall, has an observation deck on the 27th floor.


There is a Macy’s department store in the outdoor shopping plaza known (since its 2015 renovation) as The Bloc. Originally called Broadway Plaza and later Macy’s Plaza, the area was one of the first enclosed downtown shopping malls in the U.S. when it opened in 1973. A Target store also opened downtown in 2012.


Union Station (1939) has Amtrak trains going in several directions: the Coast Starlight goes north to Oakland, Portland and Seattle; the Pacific Surfliner goes south to San Diego and north to San Luis Obispo; the Sunset Limited goes east to Tucson, Houston and New Orleans; and the Southwest Chief goes east to Albuquerque, Kansas City, and Chicago.

Metrolink, which started in 1992, has seven suburban rail lines running from Union Station.

Los Angeles County Metro Rail has four light rail lines and two subway lines. The system started in 1990 with the Blue Line to Long Beach.

The Angels Flight is a funicular railway on downtown’s Bunker Hill. The original Angels Flight operated from 1901 to 1969. It was relocated and reopened in 1996.





Downtown Los Angeles


The Museum of Contemporary Art and The Broad art museum (2015) are located downtown.


The Regal L.A. Live movie theater opened in 2009.  The Downtown Independent shows independent films.

A seven-block stretch of Broadway has the country’s largest concentration of old movie theaters. At last report, there were 12 of them still standing, including the Orpheum (1926), the Million Dollar (1918), and the Los Angeles (1931). The theaters are in various states of restoration and usage.

The Music Center (1964), with four theaters, hosts the Los Angeles Philharmonic at the Walt Disney Concert Hall and the  Los Angeles Opera at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion. The Microsoft Theater (2007) is part of the L.A. Live entertainment complex. The Pantages Theater in Hollywood, northwest of downtown, presents touring musicals.


The Los Angeles Dodgers play at Dodger Stadium (1962), just north of downtown. The NBA Los Angeles Lakers and Clippers and the NHL Los Angeles Kings play at the Staples Center (1999). The NFL Los Angeles Rams (formerly of St. Louis) currently play at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, and the Los Angeles Chargers (formerly of San Diego) play at Dignity Health Sports Park in nearby Carson. Both teams are scheduled to move into the new Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park in 2020.

Map of Downtown Los Angeles


Downtown Walking Tour