2010: 210,565, #98 in U.S., #3 in New York

1950: 332,488, #32 in U.S.

2010 Metropolitan Area: 1,054,323, #51 in U.S.

1950 Metropolitan Area: 487,632, #39 in U.S.


Rochester was founded in 1811 on the Genesee River, just south of Lake Ontario.  Today, the Genesee Riverway Trail extends 16 miles, both north and south of downtown.The 96-foot High Falls of the Genesee is in the downtown area.


Tallest building: Xerox Tower, 443 feet (1968)

List of tallest buildings


Rochester has no downtown department stores. Midtown Plaza was America’s first downtown enclosed shopping mall. It opened in 1962 and closed in 2008.


Amtrak's Empire Service goes west from Rochester to Buffalo, and east to Albany and New York City. The Lake Shore Limited also goes west to Cleveland and Chicago, and east to Boston. The Maple Leaf goes west to Toronto. Amtrak opened a new station in October 2017 at the same location as the previous station, just north of downtown.


The National Museum of Play is downtown. The Rochester Museum and Science Center and the Memorial Art Gallery of the University of Rochester are just east of downtown.

Rochester and Genesee River


The Little Theater shows independent films on five screens.  The Eastman Theatre (1922) originally showed silent movies, but it has been a concert hall (for the Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra and others) for most of its history.

The Rochester Broadway Theatre League presents touring musicals at the Auditorium Theatre (1928), east of downtown. The Geva Theatre Center is also downtown.


The Rochester Red Wings, Triple-A International League affiliate of the Minnesota Twins, play at Frontier Field (1996). The Rochester Americans of the American Hockey League play at Blue Cross Arena (1955, renovated 1998).

Map of Downtown Rochester